TiEcon 2020 Speakers

Like may previous years, TiEcon 2020 is also shaping up well with a great line up of investors, entrepreneurs, speakes, Looking forward to it. Even with the disruption of Covid19 pandemic, had not dampened our spirits and the organizing team, volunteers are working diligently and passionately via online events, named as Road to TiEcon
Will encourage all my friends, alumni to start registering as sponsors, attendees or volunteers.

I am voluneering with AI/ML Track besides the Marketing Team being led by Anand Akela who is Product Makreting Leader of NUTANIX & Content Chair of MARKETING AND SALES

Managing Expectations

Siddharth Gautam (Gautam Buddha) learnt and shared this insight or enlightenment after decades of mediation at the Bodhi Tree in Bodh Gaya and exploration that root cause of suffering is desire/expectation.

I have also learnt that from my experiences in many of my non-profit social ventures as well as business,

Some of the most enthusiastic volunteers or team members or Co-founders join the organization. with high energy. They also bring lot of energy, ideas and want to make things happen. Seems great. But then often these volunteer contributors or colleagues seem to forget that the org was running fine before they joined and thinking of team or the organization is also equally important.

The founders have a vision and they co-create, curate, nurture and build an organization. As a new team member our inputs are valuable. However we shouldn’t discard all the great work being done by those who have served the organization or built the organization before we joined. If we see mutual value then let us collobarate and strengthen the relationship, If priorities have changed or there seems to be a difference of value systems or conflict of priorities then have a conversation, resolve it or else part ways and move on.

I have connected and helped few entrepreneurs as well friends, family and alumni via various entrepreneurship and alumni organizations. However, often see lack of clarity on expectations and that causes disappointment and conflicts. Initial courtship or dating is needed among entrepreneurs & investors, employees & employers to know mutual values and synergies. Sometime a new person in team wants to own the team or be the captain, That is not always possible Maybe the team had many more equally or ore deserving members. Hustle for our seat at the table but should not get disappointed if the team doesn’t give us everything we want. We need to earn our seat at the table by contributions over a period of time and try to become indispensable to the extent possible,

My experience in Corporate Roles with GE, Genpact, R1, Infosys & Virtusa as well as co-founder of non-profits like
Bihar Entrepreneurs Network, 2011
Jharkhand Entrepreneurs Network 2015
Bharat Entrepreneurs Network & WEN 2017
IIM Society 2004
IIM Family 2014
as well as volunteering for TiE, MJF, Rajiv Circle, IIMA IIMAAA, FOG SV, & many others have given me some good exposure to the mindset, motivations and drivers of the founders, volunteers and team.

Often it’s driven by motivations like charity , giving back, name, fame, wealth and often relationships. I have also seen that non-profit volunteer orgs have more politics or power struggle than business since the expectations are not clear. In a job it is simple, Salary, Bonus, Equity but in a volunteering roles it gets tricky. I will share about experiences with example in my next blog or add to this blog.

TiEcon 2020

I have been volunteering for TiE since many years. Used to occasionally participate in TiE events in NY / NJ as well when I was in East Coast. I moved to San Jose CA (SF Bay Area) in 2015 and got involved very closely as a volunteer. I have not taken the TiE Chartered membership yet since my own ventures couldn’t justify the annual fees, Another reason is that as one of the most passionate and regular volunteers contributed more than fair share already in few ways. Few years back led the TiE Young Entrepreneurs (TYE) program for middle and high school students. My role was mainly to be one of the Volunteer Program Managers for TYE and bring wildly successful entrepreneurs and VCs including Founding members like Kanwal Rekhi, Suhas Patil , Prabhu Goel and few other successful entrepreneurs, investors.

This year I accepted the role of Track Manager for AI?ML in TiEcon 2020. We have many accomplished entrepreneurs/leaders like Mini Suri & Lalit Gujare as Track Chairs. I was happy to accept the role of Track Manager. The Chairs are expected to bring the speakers, sponsors and lead the Track and myself as the Track Manager supposed to help the chairs in co-ordination. We also have few student volunteers to support us besides the Staff Members of TiE , https://sv.tie.org/team/ like
Neha Mishra, Senior Director, TiE SV
Nihar Patwardhan, Program Manager, TiE SV
Vanie Suresh, Manager, Finance & Charter Membership , TiE SV
Gennyvie Montiel, Manager, Business Development, TiE SV

What is most exciting about TIE & TiEcon is that the team also operates like entrepreneurs and we responded to the Covid19 pandemic by switching the much awaited 2 days event at Santa Clara Convention Center to a Global & Digital event. I am also volunteering with Anand Akela who is leading TiE Marketing volunteer team for many years. In his day job Anand is Product Marketing Leader for Nutanix. One of the innovative ways TiE team responded is by organizing a series of online events leading to TiEcon 2020 as Road to TiEcon. This TiEcon was very special to me for another reason. One of most iconic leaders Indra Nooyi as Grand Keynote speaker. She happens to be an IIMC alumni so am doubly proud as an IIMA aumni, Yes we both are IIM alumni. I also happen to be one of the co-founders & Director of IIM Society.

Quoting Details about TIE & TiEcon from Wikipedia instead of relying on my own memory
TiE was founded in 1992 by the trio of an Indian-American businessman and angel investor, Kanwal Rekhi; an MIT professor and founder of Cirrus LogicSuhas Patil; and the founder of Gateway Design AutomationPrabhu Goel


TiE has 60 chapters in 17 countries. It holds several events throughout the year to promote networking and raise capital for start-ups. TiE Global Summit II and TiE Inflect in Silicon Valley are the organization’s flagship events. Besides the flagship events, the organization connects with its members through a series of annual gatherings, such as TiECON.


TiECON is an annual TiE event. The March 2018 TiECON was held in Mohali. It was organized by the Chandigarh Chapter President, Alok Ramsisaria, and Executive Director, Harpreet Minhas, at the Indian School of Business. Approximately 40 start-ups participated and a cumulative funding of ₹36 million (US $554,400) was raised. Prominent attendees at the event included the state’s Chief MinisterAmarinder Singh, and the British High Commissioner to IndiaDominic Asquith.


RSS is the world’s largest volunteer organization based in India/Bharat/Hindustan which often gets maligned by many misinformed haters who are otherwise very well educated or reasonable people. Below are few fake/false allegations that people spread via WhatsApp. I also ge these often  from few people so thought will answer them point by point. I will answer each other them but below is the charge sheet or questions from one such person who happens to be a Sainik School Alumni on WhatsApp

His Forward on WhatsApp in Bold. My response is not in bold

छद्म राष्ट्रवादी संघी भाजपाई तथा विवेकशून्य अंधभक्तों मोदिए

छद्म राष्ट्रवादी संघी भाजपाई तथा विवेकशून्य अंधभक्तों मोदिए कृपया निम्न सवालों का जवाब दें–

(1) आरएसएस ने आज़ादी की लड़ाई क्यों नही लड़ी ?

आरएसएस की स्थापना 1925 में Dr केशव हेडगेवार ने किया ताकि हिन्दू समाज की एकता और अनुशाशन को सुनिशिचत किया जा सके,. डॉक्टर हेडगेवार ने पहले कांग्रेस के कार्यकर्ता के रूप में कार्य किया लेकिन

डा° केशव राव बलीराम हेडगेवार (Keshav Baliram Hedgewar)(मराठी: डॉ॰केशव बळीराम हेडगेवार; जन्म : 1 अप्रैल 1889 – मृत्यु : 21 जून 1940)[1]राष्ट्रीय स्वयंसेवक संघ के संस्थापक एवं प्रकाण्ड क्रान्तिकारी थे। इनका जन्म [2][3] नागपुर के एक गरीब ब्राह्मण परिवार में हिन्दू वर्ष प्रतिपदा के दिन हुआ था। वे राष्ट्रीय स्वयंसेवक संघ के संस्थापक थे[4], बचपन से ही क्रांतिकारी प्रवृति के थे और उन्हें अंग्रेज शासको से घृणा थी | अभी स्कूल में ही पढ़ते थे कि अंग्रेज इंस्पेक्टर के स्कूल में निरिक्षण के लिए आने पर केशव राव (Keshav Baliram Hedgewar) ने अपने कुछ सहपाठियों के साथ उनका “वन्दे मातरम्” जयघोष से स्वागत किया जिस पर वह बिफर गया और उसके आदेश पर केशव राव को स्कूल से निकाल दिया गया[5]| तब उन्होंने मैट्रिक तक अपनी पढाई पूना के नेशनल स्कूल में पूरी की |

1910 में जब डॉक्टरी की पढाई के लिए कोलकाता गये तो उस समय वहा देश की नामी क्रांतिकारी संस्था अनुशीलन समिति से जुड़ गये | 1915 में नागपुर लौटने पर वह कांग्रेस में सक्रिय हो गये और कुछ समय में विदर्भ प्रांतीय कांग्रेस के सचिव बन गये | 1920 में जब नागपुर में कांग्रेस का देश स्तरीय अधिवेशन हुआ तो डॉ॰ केशव राव बलीराम हेडगेवार ने कांग्रेस में पहली बार पूर्ण स्वतंत्रता को लक्ष्य बनाने के बारे में प्रस्ताव प्रस्तुत किया तो तब पारित नही किया गया | 1921 में कांग्रेस के असहयोग आन्दोलन में सत्याग्रह कर गिरफ्तारी दी और उन्हें एक वर्ष की जेल हुयी | तब तक वह इतने लोकप्रिय हो चुके थे कि उनकी रिहाई पर उनके स्वागत के लिए आयोजित सभा को पंडित मोतीलाल नेहरु और हकीम अजमल खा जैसे दिग्गजों ने संबोधित किया |

कांग्रेस में पुरी तन्मन्यता के साथ भागीदारी और जेल जीवन के दौरान जो अनुभव पाए ,उससे वह यह सोचने को प्रवृत हुए कि समाज में जिस एकता और धुंधली पड़ी देशभक्ति की भावना के कारण हम परतंत्र हुए है वह केवल कांग्रेस के जन आन्दोलन से जागृत और पृष्ट नही हो सकती | जन-तन्त्र के परतंत्रता के विरुद्ध विद्रोह की भावना जगाने का कार्य बेशक चलता रहे लेकिन राष्ट्र जीवन में गहरी हुयी विघटनवादी प्रवृति को दूर करने के लिए कुछ भिन्न उपाय की जरूरत है | डॉ॰ केशव राव बलीराम हेडगेवार (Keshav Baliram Hedgewar) के इसी चिन्तन एवं मंथन का प्रतिफल थी राष्ट्रीय स्वयंसेवक संघ नाम से संस्कारशाला के रूप में शाखा पद्दति की स्थापना जो दिखने में साधारण किन्तु परिणाम में चमत्कारी सिद्ध हुयी |

1925 में विजयदशमी के दिन संघ कार्य की शुरुवात के बाद भी उनका कांग्रेस और क्रांतिकारीयो के प्रति रुख सकारात्मक रहा | यही कारण था कि दिसम्बर 1930 में जब महात्मा गांधी द्वारा नमक कानून विरोधी आन्दोलन छेड़ा गया तो उसमे भे उन्होंने संघ प्रमुख (सरसंघ चालक) की जिम्मेदारी डॉ॰परापंजे को सौप क्र व्यक्तिगत रूप से अपने एक दर्जन सहयोगियों के साथ भाग दिया जिसमे उन्हें 9 माह की कैद हुयी | इसी तरह 1929 में जब लाहौर में हुए कांग्रेस अधिवेशन में पूर्व स्वराज का प्रस्ताव पास किया गया और 26 जनवरी 1930 को देश भर में तिरंगा फहराने का आह्वान किया तो डॉ॰ हेडगेवार के निर्देश पर सभी संघ शाखाओं में 30 जनवरी को तिरंगा फहराकर पूर्ण स्वराज प्राप्ति का संकल्प किया गया |

इसी तरह क्रांतिकारीयो से भी उनके संबध चलते रहे | जब 1928 में लाहौर में उप कप्तान सांडर्स की हत्या के बाद भगतसिंह ,राजगुरु और सुखदेव फरार हुए तो राजगुरु फरारी के दौरान नागपुर में डॉ॰ हेडगेवार के पास पहुचे थे जिन्होंने उमरेड में एक प्रमुख संघ अधिकारी भय्या जी ढाणी के निवास पर ठहरने की व्वयस्था की थी | ऐसे युगपुरुष थे डॉ॰हेडगेवार डॉ॰ केशव राव बलीराम हेडगेवार जिनका जून 1940 को निधन हो गया था किन्तु संघ कार्य अविरल चल रहा है |

(2) आरएसएस हिन्दू हित की बात करता है उसकी वेशभुषा विदेशी क्यों है ?

वेशभूषा पुरे विश्व में लोग अपने पसंद और मौसम के अनुसार पहनते हैं. आज भारतीय paridhan pure विश्व में प्रहचलित ho रहा है, आप थोड़ा टीवी रेडियो अख़बार किताब पढ़ा कीजिये

(3) सुभाषचन्द्र बॉस आज़ाद हिन्द सेना का गठन कर रहे थे तब संघ ने सेना में शामिल होने से हिन्दू युवकों को क्यों रोका?

(4) संघ के वीर सावरकर अंग्रेजो से 21 माफ़ी देकर जेल से क्यों छूटे जबकि 436 लोग और थे सेलुलर जेल में सिर्फ इन्होंने ही क्यों माफ़ी नामे लिखे ऐसी क्या विपदा आ गई थी?

वीर सावरकर जैसे वीर विश्व इतिहास में विरले हुए हैं, भारत की संसद में उनको सम्मानित किया गया इंदिरा

(5) आरएसएस के पहले अधिवेशन में 1925 में द्विराष्ट्र सिद्धान्त हिन्दू राष्ट्र और मुस्लिम राष्ट्र का प्रस्ताव क्यों पारित किया गया जबकि एक तरफ आप लोग अखंड भारत की बात करते है ?

अखंड भारत आज भी होगा, पाकिस्तान और बंगलादेश , गाँधी नेहरू जिन्ना  के घृणित सत्ता लोभ वाली सोंच और हिन्दू सभ्यता / अखंड भारत और हिंदुओं से घृणा के करना Mountbatten गाँधी , Motilal जिन्ना की मिलीभगत थी 
डा° केशव राव बलीराम हेडगेवार (Keshav Baliram Hedgewar)(मराठी: डॉ॰केशव बळीराम हेडगेवार; जन्म : 1 अप्रैल 1889 – मृत्यु : 21 जून 1940)[1]राष्ट्रीय स्वयंसेवक संघ के संस्थापक एवं प्रकाण्ड क्रान्तिकारी थे। इनका जन्म [2][3] नागपुर के एक गरीब ब्राह्मण परिवार में हिन्दू वर्ष प्रतिपदा के दिन हुआ था। वे राष्ट्रीय स्वयंसेवक संघ के संस्थापक थे[4], बचपन से ही क्रांतिकारी प्रवृति के थे और उन्हें अंग्रेज शासको से घृणा थी | अभी स्कूल में ही पढ़ते थे कि अंग्रेज इंस्पेक्टर के स्कूल में निरिक्षण के लिए आने पर केशव राव (Keshav Baliram Hedgewar) ने अपने कुछ सहपाठियों के साथ उनका “वन्दे मातरम्” जयघोष से स्वागत किया जिस पर वह बिफर गया और उसके आदेश पर केशव राव को स्कूल से निकाल दिया गया[5]| तब उन्होंने मैट्रिक तक अपनी पढाई पूना के नेशनल स्कूल में पूरी की |

1910 में जब डॉक्टरी की पढाई के लिए कोलकाता गये तो उस समय वहा देश की नामी क्रांतिकारी संस्था अनुशीलन समिति से जुड़ गये | 1915 में नागपुर लौटने पर वह कांग्रेस में सक्रिय हो गये और कुछ समय में विदर्भ प्रांतीय कांग्रेस के सचिव बन गये | 1920 में जब नागपुर में कांग्रेस का देश स्तरीय अधिवेशन हुआ तो डॉ॰ केशव राव बलीराम हेडगेवार ने कांग्रेस में पहली बार पूर्ण स्वतंत्रता को लक्ष्य बनाने के बारे में प्रस्ताव प्रस्तुत किया तो तब पारित नही किया गया | 1921 में कांग्रेस के असहयोग आन्दोलन में सत्याग्रह कर गिरफ्तारी दी और उन्हें एक वर्ष की जेल हुयी | तब तक वह इतने लोकप्रिय हो चुके थे कि उनकी रिहाई पर उनके स्वागत के लिए आयोजित सभा को पंडित मोतीलाल नेहरु और हकीम अजमल खा जैसे दिग्गजों ने संबोधित किया |

कांग्रेस में पुरी तन्मन्यता के साथ भागीदारी और जेल जीवन के दौरान जो अनुभव पाए ,उससे वह यह सोचने को प्रवृत हुए कि समाज में जिस एकता और धुंधली पड़ी देशभक्ति की भावना के कारण हम परतंत्र हुए है वह केवल कांग्रेस के जन आन्दोलन से जागृत और पृष्ट नही हो सकती | जन-तन्त्र के परतंत्रता के विरुद्ध विद्रोह की भावना जगाने का कार्य बेशक चलता रहे लेकिन राष्ट्र जीवन में गहरी हुयी विघटनवादी प्रवृति को दूर करने के लिए कुछ भिन्न उपाय की जरूरत है | डॉ॰ केशव राव बलीराम हेडगेवार (Keshav Baliram Hedgewar) के इसी चिन्तन एवं मंथन का प्रतिफल थी राष्ट्रीय स्वयंसेवक संघ नाम से संस्कारशाला के रूप में शाखा पद्दति की स्थापना जो दिखने में साधारण किन्तु परिणाम में चमत्कारी सिद्ध हुयी |

1925 में विजयदशमी के दिन संघ कार्य की शुरुवात के बाद भी उनका कांग्रेस और क्रांतिकारीयो के प्रति रुख सकारात्मक रहा | यही कारण था कि दिसम्बर 1930 में जब महात्मा गांधी द्वारा नमक कानून विरोधी आन्दोलन छेड़ा गया तो उसमे भे उन्होंने संघ प्रमुख (सरसंघ चालक) की जिम्मेदारी डॉ॰परापंजे को सौप क्र व्यक्तिगत रूप से अपने एक दर्जन सहयोगियों के साथ भाग दिया जिसमे उन्हें 9 माह की कैद हुयी | इसी तरह 1929 में जब लाहौर में हुए कांग्रेस अधिवेशन में पूर्व स्वराज का प्रस्ताव पास किया गया और 26 जनवरी 1930 को देश भर में तिरंगा फहराने का आह्वान किया तो डॉ॰ हेडगेवार के निर्देश पर सभी संघ शाखाओं में 30 जनवरी को तिरंगा फहराकर पूर्ण स्वराज प्राप्ति का संकल्प किया गया |

इसी तरह क्रांतिकारीयो से भी उनके संबध चलते रहे | जब 1928 में लाहौर में उप कप्तान सांडर्स की हत्या के बाद भगतसिंह ,राजगुरु और सुखदेव फरार हुए तो राजगुरु फरारी के दौरान नागपुर में डॉ॰ हेडगेवार के पास पहुचे थे जिन्होंने उमरेड में एक प्रमुख संघ अधिकारी भय्या जी ढाणी के निवास पर ठहरने की व्वयस्था की थी | ऐसे युगपुरुष थे डॉ॰हेडगेवार डॉ॰ केशव राव बलीराम हेडगेवार जिनका जून 1940 को निधन हो गया था किन्तु संघ कार्य अविरल चल रहा है |

(6) 1942 में असहयोग आंदोलन का बहिष्कार करता है संघ ऐसा पत्र ब्रिटिश गवर्मेंट को क्यों लिखा अगर ये पत्र न लिखते तो देश 1942 में आज़ाद हो जाता ?
In the last Lok Sabha elections (2014) Congress Vice-President Rahul Gandhi made allegations on RSS. There is often a false criticism that the Sangh did not take part in the freedom struggle. They must not be knowing the reality, hence this article. After the establishment of the RSS, Dr Hedgewar had told the Sangh swayamsewaks that after giving 1 hour to the Sangh shakha, there is no harm in doing work of any party according to their wish. Continuing the same principle, Golwalkar Guruji told to take part in the freedom struggle which was inspired by Mahatma Gandhi.But not by taking the banner of the RSS in hand, but by wearing Khadi-topi andKurta-Pyjama.

Note here that the RSS was founded in 1925. It was barely in its infancy and very small in those days. The focus needed to be on strengthening and growing the RSS as it could have been easily crushed by the many Opponents- British, Congress and Muslim League in those days. And yet, the RSS participated in the freedom struggle. Compare this with the Congress founded in 1885. The Congress first demanded full Independence (Poorna Swarajya) for India in December 1929, a full 44 years after its foundation. Its demand in the 1920s, till the 1929 Lahore Session was only dominion status for India. And in its initial years, in the 1880s and 1890s, the Congress leaders openly stated the British Rule in India as the Providential Gift. It took the Congress many years (at least 20 years) to raise a strong foundation, though it was formed with merger of many regional conferences, unlike RSS which was founded from zero. And yet, the Congress (which ceased to be same since 1969 when it became Congress (I) with a split in the party) has lied about true patriots i.e. RSS and hid its own record of its first 44 years, particularly, the first 22 years.

More than half the Sangh swayamsewaks had taken part in the freedom struggle. Very few people know this truth. Because publicity is not in the Sangh’s nature at all.Khadi-clad swayamsewaks suffered the British Police’s bullets as well as lathis.

If RSS did not participate in the freedom struggle, what were the Communists and others were doing? The RSS and Communist party of India came in existence almost at the same time (in 1925). While the RSS busied itself in organizing the Hindu society to achieve freedom, the Communists continued to support the British and defame leaders like Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose. It is on record that during the World War II so long as the Russians were not cooperating with the Allied forces, the Communists in India were against them. For them, the British and Americans were ‘imperialist forces’. But the moment Stalin joined hands with the Allies; the same Communists shamelessly started singing praises for the British.

When Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose went out of India and launched anti-British movement of Azad Hind Fauz, these communists made a volte face and abused Netaji as “agent of Hitler” and “Lapdog of Tojo”. They even opposed the 1942 movement and spied on the freedom fighters by providing information to the British rulers. And now they question the role of RSS in the freedom struggle? The Communists had also supported the Muslim League’s demand for Pakistan.

Dr Hedgewar a born patriot

The founder of RSS Dr Keshav Baliram Hedgewar was a born patriot. When he was a primary student in the Neil City School, he refused to accept the sweets distributed in the schools on the 60th coronation day of Queen Victoria and when his elder brother asked he replied: “Our Bhonsla dynasty was liquidated by these Britishers. How can we participate in these imperial celebrations?” This instinctive patriotism was in his personality blossomed further with full radiance and formed the bedrock of the RSS. In High school, Dr Hedgewar was expelled from the school for making all students say ‘Vande Mataram’ in school during an Inspection visit by a British authority. He refused to apologize, and instead preferred rustication. At the age of 18, in 1907, he made and threw a bomb on a local police station also.

Dr Hedgewar was very closely associated with the revolutionaries when he was at Kolkata for his degree in medical education. His deep contacts with the members of the Anusheelan Samiti were well described by one of his colleagues Ramlal Vajpayee in his autobiography: “With the financial help from Sri Dajisaheb Buty, Keshavrao Hedgewar, founder of RSS, was sent to Calcutta more with the object of receiving training for revolutionary work under the supervision of Sri Pulin Bihari Das, rather than prosecuting higher studies”.

Young Keshavrao was introduced to Anusheelan Samiti and soon he became one of its inner circle members. When he came back to Nagpur after obtaining a degree in medicine in 1917, he plunged himself into organizing the revolutionary activities in the Central Indian region with his close associates like Bhauji Kawre and Appaji Joshi of Wardha.

However, the eventual collapse of the revolutionary movement Dr Hedgewar was forced to take recourse to other means of achieving freedom and since the Indian National Congress was the most powerful public movement, he joined it. Within the Congress he along with his friends formed Nagpur National Union. During the 1920 AICC session at Nagpur he was in charge of the volunteer force. The Nagpur National Union submitted a resolution to the subjects committee which besides demanding the Congress to declare “complete independence as it sole objective” said: “It is the aim of the Congress to strive to establish democracy in India and to liberate all nations from the grip of capitalist countries”. Almost 10 years before the Congress first demanded Full Independence in December 1929, RSS founder Dr Hedgewar had urged the party to do so in 1920 itself.

The steering committee that deliberated on the resolution did not find it worthy of presenting to the AICC and eventually rejected the same. But the Modern Review of Calcutta in its March 21 issue commented on this resolution: “This resolution merited greater attention in the steering committee”. Dr Hedgewar actively participated in the non-cooperation movement launched by Mahatma Gandhi in 1921 along with his friends and suffered incarceration for the same. His defense in the court of Judge Smelly was described as the ‘more seditious than his earlier speeches’. He was given 1 year Rigorous Imprisonment by Judge Smelly. Such a strong freedom-fighter he was, that his defense in court was described as ‘More seditious than his earlier speeches’ for which he was undergoing trial.

Jungle Satyagraha :

Dr Hedgewar founded the RSS on Vijayadashami Day in 1925 with an objective of injecting the spirit of nationalism, patriotism and creating a strong, vibrant organized India that would lead the world community once again. Freeing the motherland from the foreign yoke was reflected in the oath of RSS members. But he did not dissociate himself from the freedom movement. When Gandhiji launched ‘Salt Satyagraha’ or Dandi March on April 6, 1930, the RSS also did not stay aloof from it. By then Dr Hedgewar was unanimously named as ‘Sarsanghchalak’ of RSS. He volunteered to participate in this movement and before taking a plunge into it he delegated his authority to Dr L V Paranjape. This, when the Sangh was in its infancy. The Sangh started from hardly 10-15 members in 1925 and was hardly a force in 1930 having very few shakhas and members, and yet Dr Hedgewar preferred to be jailed in the Jungle Satyagraha for 9 months leaving the task of expanding the Sangh.

In the Central Provinces it was decided to break the forest laws to voice opposition to the British rule. A batch of RSS activists and Congress workers under the leadership of Dr Hedgewar proceeded towards the jungles of Yavatmal, some 150 km from Nagpur. On way at Pusad he gave a speech stating his philosophy of freedom. He said: “From polishing the boots of the Englishmen to hitting them hard on their heads with the same boots till they leave this country, all ways are equally logical in my view”. Later he offered ‘Jungle Satyagraha’ and sentenced to nine month jail term in Akola Jail. O

On December 31, 1929 on the banks of Ravi River the Congress at its historical Lahore session adopted a resolution demanding “Total Independence” and decided to observe January 26, 1930 as Independence Day. Dr Hedgewar had expected the same a decade ago from the Congress. He was naturally very happy and directed all the RSS shakhas to celebrate this day by hoisting the national flag and spreading the message of freedom.

By 1928 the RSS had 18 shakhas mostly confined to Nagpur and Wardha. The CP Congress (Marathi) was headed by Harekrishna (Appaji) Joshi who was the General Secretary of the provincial committee and was also the Sanghchalak of the Wardha unit of the RSS.

The RSS extended uninhibited support to the 1929 Congress resolution. It issued a circular to all the 37 shakhas, which stated: “This year the Congress has passed a resolution declaring complete Independence as its goal. The CWC has called upon the entire nation to celebrate Sunday the 26th of January 1930 as Independence Day. We of the Sangh are naturally immensely happy that the All India Congress has endorsed our goal of complete Independence. It is our duty to cooperate with any organisation working for this objective. It is therefore suggested that all Swayamsevaks of each shakha meet at 6 p.m. on Sunday the January 26, 1930 at respective Sanghasthans. After offering salutation to the Bhagwa Dhwaj, the concept of Independence and the reason why this ideal alone should be kept before every one should be explained. The function should conclude with an expression of congratulations to the Congress for having accepted the ideal of complete Independence.”

The Government in Central Provinces issued a circular prohibiting the government and local self government bodies servants to take part in RSS activities. The circular was based on the report of the intelligence department. Dr Hedgewar with his communicating and influencing skills created a mass opinion against the government move. Editorials were published in ‘Kesri’ of Pune, ‘Maharashtra’ and ‘The Hitavada’ of Nagpur criticizing the government. In the Assembly, this issue was discussed during the budget session and the government was defeated on the floor. Members of all political parties, including a Muslim Member M S Rehman, defended the RSS.

The anti-imperialist character of the RSS and its unconditional support to the Congress movement appalled the British administration which made the first serious attempt to suppress it soon after the civil disobedience movement died out.i

At the end of 1932 the Chief Minister of Central Province government, E. Gordan issued a circular prohibiting government employees and their wards from participating in or associating with the RSS on the plea that it was ‘political and communal organisation’.

In December 1933 its scope was extended to the employees and teachers of local bodies. The Government wanted to give it a communal colour since the Local Self-Government Minister was a Muslim. However, the Sangh did not make it a communal issue and targeted the colonial rule. During the budget session in March 1934, a member of the Council, V. D. Kolte, put up a cut motion against the government’s circular. This led to a four-hour discussion during which all the speakers appreciated the work and ideology of the RSS.

Shri Vithalbhai Patel presided over the RSS function at Nagpur in 1928. Shri Madan Mohan Malaviya visited the RSS shakha at Nagpur in 1929. Mahatma Gandhi himself visited a Sangh camp on December 25, 1934, at Wardha. He joined Shri Appaji Joshi, a renowned Congress leader of CP, in offering Pranam to the RSS flag. He held a lengthy conversation with Dr Hedgewar the next day and was impressed by the vision of the RSS.Subhash Chandra Bose and Syama Prasad Mookerjee visited Dr Hedgewar in 1940 and discussed plans for Independence.

A home department report in 1940 said: ‘The organisation is intensely anti-British and its tone is increasingly becoming militant.’ The CID report revealed that RSS volunteers were ‘introduced into various departments of government such as the army, navy, postal, telegraph, railway and administrative services in order that there may be no difficulty in capturing administrative departments when the time comes.’

The RSS Sarsanghchalak, Shri M. S. Golwalkar, who succeeded Shri Hedgewar after his death in 1940, suggested indoctrination of government employees and his speech in the Poona Officers Training Camp (OTC) of the RSS on May 3, 1942, was reported by the CID saying: ‘The Sangh resolved to stand on its own legs, not minding any opposition. It was not possible to get swaraj by begging it from foreigners and this could only be achieved by strength.’

RSS & 1942 Movement :

Unfortunately Dr Hedgewar passed away in June 1940 handing over the baton of leadership to a relatively young M S Golwalkar, popularly known as Shri Guruji. It was during his tenure that the RSS was face to face with the famous 1942 “Quit India” movement and the later day events that led to the partition of the country and finally independence. Allegations are even now hurled at RSS for “assuming a passive role” or not participating in the 1942 movement. But the reality is altogether different and the detractors of RSS either do not know it or they don’t want to understand it.

The Congress under the Mahatma’s leadership announced the launch of 1942 Quit India movement on August 9 without making enough preparations for the same. The British knew of it and arrested all the top Congress leaders in one place before the agitation could be launched. Naturally, the absence of any leadership took the wind out of the sails of this movement. Still, following the footsteps of RSS founder in regards to such mass movements, many RSS swayamsevaks plunged into the agitation. To cite an example, some of the swayamsevaks succeeded in establishing a parallel government at Chimur-Ashti in Vidarbha region. Some of them later faced the gallows for this rebellion. Some RSS workers damaged the Delhi-Muzafarnagar railway line while some faced bullets trying to unfurl the tricolor atop the tehsil office in Mewan in Meerut district in UP.

Many of the prominent underground leaders of the 1942 movement were provided safe shelters by the RSS activists. Aruna Asaf Ali, Jay Prakash Narayan were housed in Delhi Sanghchalak Lala Hansraj Gupta; Achyut Patwardhan and Sane Guruji were closeted at the residence of Pune Sanghchalak Bhausaheb Deshmukh. Krantiveer Nana Patil was sheltered at Aundh Sanghchalak Pt. S D Satvalekar’s house.

The 1943 report of the intelligence department on RSS said in most clear terms: “The ulterior objective of the RSS is to drive away the British from India and free the country”.

Dr Bhagwan Das’ Observation :

It is surprising that a foreign power was able to assess and understand the objective of RSS and the role it played towards its fulfillment clearly. But our secular leaders and their leftist co-passengers failed to do so. I cannot resist myself from quoting Bharat Ratna Dr Bhawan Das who wrote about the role of RSS swayamsevaks in thwarting the plan of the Muslim League. The League planned to annihilate all the prominent Congress leaders in one go. Dr Bhagwan Das wrote on October 1, 1948: “I know for sure that RSS volunteers have informed Jawahar Lal Nehru and Sardar Patel well in advance about the plan of Muslim League under which the League had planned for armed rebellion and annihilating the Ministers of the Government of India and the senior officers, unfurl the Pakistani flag atop Lal Quilla, and establish their government in India.

“Had these patriotic and sincere youths not informed Nehru and Patel in time, the entire country today would have become Pakistan; lakhs of Hindus would have been butchered and more than that would have been converted to Islam forcibly and India would have become slave once again. What does it indicate? Clearly, it suggests that our government must utilize the nationalist power of lakhs of RSS swayamsevaks instead of subordinating it”.

It was again irony of fate that Dr Bhagwandas wrote these words at a time when thousands of RSS workers were languishing in jails of independent India for the crime they never dreamt of committing in their wildest ever dreams—the assassination of the Mahatma. The charge was never proved any court of law, and by any of the enquiry commission set up by the government. But it is still used widely by these seculars, leftists and their likes to malign the RSS.

The incident of Chimur

When an agitation was on in Chimur, a place in Vidarbha, during the hoisting of the flag, the tricolour stopped mid-way. A youth with khadicame forward. He raised the flag to the top. At that moment the police resorted to ruthless firing on him. His body was pierced. He collapsed life-less on the ground. He was a Sangh swayamsewak.

The agitation of Mahatma Gandhi had started with a lot of energy. But by 8th August 1942 Mahatma Gandhi, Jawaharlal Nehru, Sardar Patel and all other top leaders were arrested and imprisoned in jail, and as a result the movement became directionless. What should workers remaining outside (the jail) do? Where should they go underground? Shri Guruji had made this facility as well, with foresight.

Aruna Asaf Ali, who was honoured with the title “Bayalis ki Bijli” (Literally, ‘Lightning of 1942’) in an interview to Delhi’s Hindi daily ‘Hindusthan’ in 1967 said: “After the 1942 movement became directionless after the arrest of the top leaders, I was underground at the house of RSS’s Delhi Prant Sanghachalak Lala Hansraj Gupta. He gave me shelter for 10-15 days and made excellent arrangement for my security. Lalaji did not let the servants and guards of his house get any idea about this. An underground worker should not stay at one place for long, so I took theghagra and chunari given by Lalaji’s wife on my head, covering my face so that no one would recognize me, went away from there to another place doing Bhangra in a procession (Baraat).” Aruna Asaf Ali further said: “All top leaders were in jail. There was no arrangement of giving direction to those who were outside jail. Hence everyone took his independent decision. Hence it will be wrong to say that Hindusthan got freedom due to the 1942 movement.”

Delhi’s Suruchi Prakashan has mentioned in the book “RSS and Freedom Movement” written by Chittaranjan that when Vedamurti Pandit Shripad Damodar Satwalekar was the Sanghachalak of Aundh, he had given shelter at his house for many days to the Father of the ‘Parallel Government’, Krantiveer Nana Patil. Nana Patil’s associate Kisanveer stayed at the house of the Sanghachalak of Wai, Dattopant Gokhale. Socialist leader Achyutrao Patwardhan had lived alternately at the houses of many swayamsewaks. A strong critic of RSS, Gandhian Sane Guruji had stayed secretly at the house of the Pune Sanghachalak of RSS, Bhausaheb Deshmukh.

Many workers of the Congress Committee of Solapur were given shelter by the Sanghachalak and other swayamsewaks. From calling doctor and taking utmost care when someone fell ill, to lawyer swayamsewaks fighting cases of underground activists fearlessly and free of charge in court, all things were done. It should be accepted that the Sangh swayamsewaks’ patriotism and morality-based, disciplined lifestyle is unquestionable.

The 1942 movement being directionless, strategy-less and lacking uniformity was crushed by the British Government. What Shri Guruji had told Sangh swayamsewaks and Sanghchalaks only proved that the Sangh considers opponents as also ‘Our people’. Foresightedness was also proven.

In 1947, the RSS had played a major role in Kashmir’s merger with India. The then RSS pracharak in Kashmir, Balraj Madhok had listened to Sheikh Abdullah’s speech in Srinagar in October 1947 and had met Sardar Patel and many others and given them vital information. The then RSS chief M S Golwalkar had played a major role in convincing Maharaja Harisingh to merge with India. Kedarnath Sahni also played a major role. The volunteers of RSS also played a part, they defended the Srinagar airport until the Army arrived to begin recapturing Kashmir from Pakistani infiltrators.They helped build Jammu airport and widened the Srinagar airport. They crossed the Ravi river at Madhopur, carrying ammunition on their backs to keep it dry. In some places they also helped the soldiers clear the mines laid by the Pakistanis.

In 1954, young men of the Azad Gomatak Dal attacked and directly captured Dadra and Nagar Haveli. RSS men were a large part of this Azad Gomantak Dal. Many RSS workers sacrificed their lives in this successful attack in 1954. RSS members Raja Wakankar and Nana Kajrekar played a major role. In 1955, RSS leaders demanded the end of Portuguese rule in Goa and its integration into India. When Prime Minister of India, Jawaharlal Nehru refused to obtain it by armed intervention, RSS leader Jagannath Rao Joshi led the satyagraha agitation straight into Goa itself. He was imprisoned with his followers by the Portuguese police. The peaceful protests continued but met with severe repressions. On 15 August 1955, the Portuguese police opened fire on the satyagrahis, killing thirty or so people.

In 1962, China attacked India. The RSS played a major role in helping the government voluntarily for the sake of the nation. Some RSS members went to the border areas to fight with the Indian Army and gave their lives. Around 43 such men were martyred. The role of the RSS in this war and the sacrifice made by the martyrs melted the heart of even the most die-hard RSS critic, Jawaharlal Nehru. This is why Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru had also invited Sangh swayamsewaks to take part in the Republic Day Parade of 1963 in full uniform and the swayamsewaks had done a very disciplined route-march. Have the critics of the Sangh forgotten this? At least Congress people should read history and then use their brain.

The history of the RSS, spanning 22 years before India’s freedom is one of active participation in the anti-colonial struggle and unconditional co-operation not only with the Congress but also any other group committed to the liberation of the motherland. The ‘Pratigya’ (Pledge) of the RSS used to contain words ‘Desh ko swatantra kar‘ (Freeing the country) till Independence.

(7) गांधी जी के हत्या के प्रयास संघ आज़ादी के पूर्व से कर रहा था क्यों ? गांधी जी पर आज़ादी के पूर्व 5 बार संघियों ने हमले किये क्यों ?

(8) संघ प्रमुख केशव बलिराम हेडगांवकर ने कहा हे हिंदुओ को अपनी ताकत का उपयोग अंगेजो के खिलाफ न करते हुए देश में मुस्लिम क्रिश्चियन और दलितों के खिलाफ करना चाहीये ऐसा क्यों ?

(9) कहते है दो धार्मिक शक्तियाँ एक दूसरे के खिलाफ काम करती है तो देश टूटने की कगार पर होता है संघ और मुस्लिम लीग एक दूसरे के विपरीत थी इस कारण देश टुटा में संघ के लोगो से पूछना चाहता हूँ आप तो अखंड भारत की बात करते हो ऐसा क्यों हुआ ?

(10) आरएसएस हिन्दू हित की बात करती है 1925 से 1947 के बीच ईसाई धर्मान्तरण के खिलाफ कोई आंदोलन क्यों नही चलाया ?

(11) जब देश आज़ाद हुआ 15 अगस्त 1947 को संघ के लोग राष्ट्रध्वज तिरँगे को पेरो में कुचल रहे थे तिरँगा जला रहे थे क्यों ?

(12) संघ के स्वयंसेवक अटल बिहारी बाजपाई ने क्रन्तिकारी लीलाधर बाजपई के खिलाफ क्यों गवाही दी जिससे उन्हें 2 वर्ष का कारावास हुआ ?

(13) पिछड़ा दलित आदिवासी भी संघी हे तो नासिक के काला राम मंदिर में प्रवेश मुद्दे पर बाबा डॉ अम्बरेडकर जी ने आन्दोलन किया तो उस आन्दोलन का संघ ने विरोध क्यों किया ?

(14) संघ ने हिन्दू समाज के हित में किया कोई एक कार्य बताये जिससे हिन्दू समाज का निम्न वर्ग का तबका लाभान्वित हुआ हो ?
No organisation has done more for empowering Dalits than RSS (Sangh Pariwar)

(15) संघ के लोग अपने आप को राष्ट्रवादी समझते है 1925 से 1947 के बीच वन्देमातरम् का नारा क्यों नही लगाया अंग्रेजो का इतना डर था क्या ?


(16) संघ / विहिप / और अन्य हिंदूवादी संघटन के प्रमुख दलित आदिवासी समूह से क्यों नही बने क्या ये हिन्दू नही है ?

संघ / विहिप / और अन्य हिंदूवादी संघटन के स्वयं सेएक और कार्यकर्ता जाती के आधार पर नहीं अपनी त्याग कबिलियित और सेवा के आधार पर ज़िम्मेवारी लेते हैं , कांग्रेस (गाँधी नेहरू माफिया) की तरह पारिवरिक सत्ता सुख भोगने के लिए नहीं होते, संघ के ज्यादातर प्रचारक तो ब्रह्मचर्य संन्यास लेते है   

(17) संघ ने 2002 तक आरएसएस मुख्यालय पर तिरंगा क्यों नही फहराया ?

संघ कार्यालय पर हमारा प्राचीन भगवा ध्वज फहराया जाता था , तिरंगा सरकारी कार्यालय पर सांविधानिक ओहदे वाले लोगो जैसे राष्ट्रपति प्रधानमंत्री मुख्यमंत्री इत्यादि द्वारा फहराया जाता है

(18) हिन्दू महासभा ने जिनाह की मुस्लिम लीग के साथ मिलकर बंगाल और सिंध में सरकार क्यो बनाई और क्यो श्यामाप्रसाद मुखर्जी बंगाल की सरकार में शामिल हुए और उप मुख्यमंत्री बने !
what was wrong with it

(19) संघ के आदर्श सावरकर ने जब पहली बार हिन्दू मुस्लिम के लिए अलग अलग देश की मांग की तो संघ ने आज तक उसकी इस मांग का विरोध क्यो नही किया ?
I wish they had pushed it for more strongly and avoied the bloody genocide enabled by Mohandas Gandhi , Nehu and Jinnah during partutin

20) अंग्रेजो से माफी मांगने वाले और स्वन्त्रता सेनानियों का विरोध करने वाले कायरकर को संघ वीर कैसे मान सकता है ?

(21) संघ और कायरकर ने आजाद हिन्द फौज और नेताजी सुभाष चन्द्र बोस का विरोध क्यो किया ? और क्यो दोनों संगठनों ने अंग्रेजो के लिए सेना में भर्ती के लिए कैम्प लगाए थे ?

आपसे आग्रह है कि प्रत्येक सवाल का क्रमबद्ध तरीके से जवाब दें।। संघियों की राष्ट्र भक्ति की असलियत अभी सामने आ जाएगी।।

जय हिंद जय भारत।।

Convergence of 5G, AI/ML & IOT leading change from Population Health to Personalized Precision Health

Resharing an article I wrote almost 1 year back. Today I was interviewed for a Podcast by Adam Torres of moneymatterstoptips.com about my company REN Ventures & my views on Healthtech. I mainly used the theme of this article

The Population Health concept represented a change in the focus from the individual-level, characteristic of most mainstream medicine but recent advances in technologies like AI, IOT, 5G are increasing the possibilities of Personalized Precision Health to complement Population Health Interventions. Let me share a  few examples.

“Using the tools of precision medicine, such as big data analytics and genomics, the goal of precision health is to predict, prevent and cure disease — precisely. Critically, in that order,” said Lloyd Minor, M.D., the Carl and Elizabeth Naumann Dean of the Stanford University School of Medicine in Palo Alto, California

Thanks to the spread of the internet to remotest parts of the world and advances in fast wireless internet 5G, we are approaching the “End of Geography”. A person sitting in  Africa or Asia can access healthcare from advanced centers like Stanford Health in USA. This has already happened in the knowledge economy where anyone with a smartphone has acess to all the knowledge of the world via Wikipedia, YouTube, Khan Academy, Coursera, MIT Open course, etc or e-commerce via Amazon, and payment platforms like Paypal, Stripe, Paytm besides current leaders like Visa, Mastercard.   Thanks to communication and collaboration platforms like Google SuiteSkype global teams are already collaborating with each other in education and e-commerce.
That level of collaboration is now possible and emerging in Healthcare too via TeleHealth backed by AI & Robotics. Patients can be seen remotely via Video and served via Robotics & AI. Their diagnostics measurements are available on the cloud to their care team which combined with AI tools to triage the case to remote health at their home/workplace or urgent care as needed. This will not only reduce the cost of care but also increase the quality of care. Regulators adapting fast to these changes CMS-loosens-medicare-advantage-telehealth
Come to #TiECon2019. Learn and discover new frontiers on this topic from experts through https://www.tiecon.org/track/health-tech

Atul Kumar

For Profit Ventures

Since Childhood, i get attracted to social services , community building and most of my time has gone into volunteering or running non-profit social ventures. Yes I also have dabbled into for-profit ventures or jobs in private sector too but i naturally get drawn towards changes the world social impact ventures. Here I will try to create a separate menu of options for various for profit ventures or corporate jobs into. Yes i started as a child with a Comics Rental Library and then A++ CompuLab while doing my BA(Hons) in Economics at Patna or most recently A++ Ventures and now REN Ventures in San Jose California. This page will be about my or my for profit business partners.


We have thousands of Sainik School Tilaiya Alumni spread globally specially in Bharat. We are connected to each other via Facebook, Linkedin, Telegram, WhatsApp, Instagram, YouTube and many other online platforms. Currently we don’t have one Global Online Platform and Org for all students and alumni of all the batches and that is what we will achieve via a website/portal.
Purpose & Benefits

  • All Students, Alumni, Teachers of SST will be able to create a professional and social profile
  • Will be able to post opportunities – jobs, startups, higher education
  • Update news, events about School and our alumni
  • Seek & Give help from each other
  • Most importantly we will be able to discover, connect and colloborate with each other
  • DIscussion forum for issues of imortance for Sainik School Tilaiya, Society and ways we can give back
  • This post is just to to start the brinstorming and co-creation

    Action Plan
    Book Domain
    – done (https://sst63.org)

    Develop Website – May 2020
    Start registration of alumni – June 2020

About Sainik School Tilaiaya

Sainik School TilaiyaJharkhandIndia, prepares boys academically, physically and mentally for entry into the Defence Services and those who follow other paths, for responsible positions in other walks of life.


The laying of the foundation stone of Sainik School was on 16 Sept 1963. The school was created by the efforts of the then Union Defence Minister, Late V K Krishna Menon, the Chief Minister from Bihar Late K B Sahay and scholar Principal Lt Col LEG Smith. Today it is top ranking nursery to the NDA.

Sainik School Tilaiya
सैनिक स्कूल तिलैया
Sainik School Tilaiya, P.O. Tilaiya Dam
Tilaiya Dam, Jharkhand, 825413
TypeDefence Nursery
Mottoअग्रे सरत सर्वदा
(Forward Ever)
Established16 September 1963
FounderV.K. Krishna Menon
School boardC.B.S.E.
School districtKoderma
AuthorityMinistry of Defence, Government of India
OversightSainik Schools Society
Years offeredVI to XII
Medium of languageEnglish
Color(s)Red and Steel Gray
Team nameTilaiyans
YearbookThe Tilaiyan
Feeder toNational Defence Academy, Indian Naval Academy

Located nearly 1 km from Tilaiya dam in the district of Koderma, Sainik School Tilaiya is 18 km away from the nearest rail head – Koderma on the Howrah – Delhi chord line nearer to Gaya. The Chhotanagpur Plateau and Tilaiya provide a backdrop to the school.

Entrance to Sainik School Tilaiya is competitive and coordinated nationally by Sainik Schools Society. The entrance exam covers questions on Mathematics, English and Reasoning. Further, applicants go through interviews and medical examinations before being offered admission

Expiry Date for Relationshhips ….

Relationships are the most valuable part of my life and guess many of us. After basic needs like
Air, Water, Food, Safety it is establshing, maintaining, developing relationships that are most important for many people. What are the sources of relationships. As soon as a baby is born then his or her life starts with and reloves around family (parents0, grand parents and then extends to siblings, aunts, uncles, nieces, nephews.
Last week i had lot of personal attack/slander by a classmate in one of my school WhatsApp group. He shared some disgusting lies about me that deserve a “cease & desists” notice and also possible criminal case for character assasination via “fake news” & “false clains”. I may or may not a criminal case against him in Indian courts in case get time for Libel and Slander in case he doesnt apologise. Not mentinong his nane since might be an attempt by him to gain attention & publicity by him. Exploring on this topic

Notes on relationships
Be it a filmstar or sportstar or entrepreneur Most successful or unsuccessful people seem to give credit to their parents/family and then maybe friends, mentors, colleagues, classmates and alumni. I take this very seriously and will walk, run or fly thousands of miles just to be with my close ones. Today I want to write a note on ending relationships too with few friends or classmates. We know each other pretty well especially if we studied and played together in hostels. In my class my boarding school, Sainik School Tilaiaya, where i studied from class 6th to 10th and then left after 10th to do my +2 in Modern School Vasant Vihar, JNU (few months only for a mission) and then back to hometown Patna for BA(Hons) in Economics from AN College, Patna. It was an intereting 5 years of BA in Patna due to delayed sessions in most colleges of Bihar. I used this time to learn Computers at Aptech Computer, teach there as faculty and also worked as a Lab-in-Charge. Started my first semi-entrepreneurship journey when joined Zed Point (started by Zee TV, Aptech & Apple) and later started my own start-up A++ CompulLab in a garage at Patliputra Colony. Soon also joined AMS for prepring for CAT and joined IIFT, New Delhi first and then IIM Ahmedabad for MBA in batch of 1999-2001. While doing my MBA, also met an amazing friend from IIT Madras), who introduced me to Co-founder of Inaltus in London and we ware invited by him to do a 3 month industry project in London and Mumbai. My classmate insited that I go to London and he will work from Mumbai since he has already been to London. This was my first international trip. This is what Friends do ? They put your interest before their own interest

Duing my days at Delhi, in SST, JNU & IIFT i met many friends, alumni and one of that experience is what I am going to share today. There was a hostelmate of mine in Gautam House at Sainik School Tilaiya who would always follow me since class 6th. Few of my classmates from SST including him too joined JNU in coming years. I had taken admission in BA(Hons) Spanish (School of Languages ) is the only department where we had Bachelors, else most departments were mainly Masters, Mhil and and Ph.D. We had Masters and above in School of Social Sciences, School of International Studies as listed below. My purpose of joining was mainly socio-political. I had taken a resolve to start a RSS shakha in JNU after then HRD Minister Arjun Singh has put a ban on RSS on 6th Dec 1992 in the historic event when volunteers (kar-sevaks), had pulled down that disputed structure in Ayodhya. I used to attend meetings of ABVP (student wing of BJP/RSS) while in School. After joining JNU i started a Shakha next to the park close to Narmada Hostel (where i used to stay). It was also close to Teflas canteen and a very popular place to hangout by students. I had taken the very challenging task of conducting Shakha in Khaki Shorts to the few students/children who would come. We also had a successful Guru Dakshina. Often many friends and alumni ask me about RSS or contribution of RSS to India and the world.
Below are 20 points on Quora about RSS
What is RSS ?? Must Read this 20 Points

1. Field Marshal Cariappa in his speech to RSS volunteers said “RSS is my heart’s work. My dear young men, don’t be disturbed by uncharitable comments of interested persons. Look ahead! Go ahead! The country is standing in need of your services”

2. Nov 1949, Dr. Zakir Hussain : “Allegations against RSS of violence & hatred against the Muslims are wholly false.”

3. Nov 1949, Dr. Zakir Hussain: “Muslims should learn the lesson of mutual love, cooperation and organisation from RSS”.

4. Jayaprakash Narayan in 1977: “RSS is a revolutionary organization. No other organization in the country comes anywhere near it.”

5. Noted Gandhian leader and the leader of Sarvoday movement, Jayaprakash Narayan, who earlier was a vocal opponent of RSS had the following to say about it in 1977 “RSS is a revolutionary organization. No other organization in the country comes anywhere near it. It alone has the capacity to transform society, end casteism and wipe the tears from the eyes of the poor.” He further added “I have great expectations from this revolutionary organization which has taken up the challenge of creating a new India”.

6. Sikh intellectual and author of ‘A History of the Sikhs’, Khushwant Singh, credits members of the RSS with helping and protecting Sikhs who were being targeted by members of theCongress political party during the 1984 Anti-Sikh Riots. Singh who otherwise has been critical of the RSS and believes that it is a ” communal organization and dangerous to the country’s secular fabric”

7. The RSS also has been banned in India thrice, during periods in which the government of the time claimed that they were a threat to the state: in 1948 after Mahatma Gandhi’s assassination, during the Emergency (1975–77), and after the 1992 Babri Masjid demolition. The bans were subsequently lifted, in 1949 after the RSS was absolved of charges in the Gandhi murder case, in 1977 as a result of the Emergency being revoked, and in 1993 when no evidence of any unlawful activities was found against it by the tribunal constituted under the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act.

8. After the Independence of India, many organizations including the RSS aspired to liberate Dadra and Nagar Haveli from Portuguese occupation. In April 1954, the RSS formed a coalition with the National Movement Liberation Organization (NMLO), the and Azad Gomantak Dal (AGD) for the liberation of Dadra and Nagar Haveli. On the night of 21 July, United front of Goans, a group, working independently of the coalition, captured the Portuguese police station at Dadra and declared Dadra as free. Subsequently on 28 July, volunteer teams of the RSS and AGD captured the territories of Naroli and Phiparia and ultimately the capital of Silvassa. The Portuguese forces which escaped and moved towards Nagar Haveli, were assaulted at Khandvel and were forced to retreat till they surrendered to the Indian border police at Udava on 11 August 1954. A native administration was setup with Appasaheb Karmalkar of NMLO as the Administrator of Dadra and Nagar Haveli on 11 August 1954.

9. In 1955, RSS leaders demanded the end of Portuguese rule in Goa and its integration into India. When Prime Minister of India, Jawaharlal Nehru refused to obtain it by armed intervention, RSS leader Jagannath Rao Joshi led the satyagraha agitation straight into Goa itself.

10. The RSS earned recognition based on its volunteer work during the Sino-Indian War in 1962. RSS was invited by Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru to take part in the Indian Republic day parade of 1963. It along with several other civilian organizations took part in the parade. This event helped the RSS increase its popularity and its patriotic image.

11. Later in 1965 and 1971 Indo-Pak wars too, the RSS volunteers offered their services to maintain law and order of the country and were apparently the first to donate blood.

12. In 1975, the Indian Government under the Prime Minister Mrs. Indira Gandhi, proclaimed emergency rule in India, thereby suspending the fundamental rights and curtailing the rights of the press. The volunteers of the RSS formed underground movements for the restoration of democracy. Literature that was censored in the media was clandestinely published and distributed on a large scale and funds were collected for the movement. It said that the movement was “dominated by tens of thousands of RSS cadres, though more and more young recruits are coming”. Talking about its objectives it said “its platform at the moment has only one plank: to bring democracy back to India”.

13. It has been noted that the RSS volunteers participated in the Bhoodan movement organized by Gandhian leader Vinobha Bhave. RSS leader M. S. Golwalkar believed that the movement should inculcate a right and positive faith in the masses that can make them rise above the base appeal of Communism.

14. The mission of Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh has been described as the revitalization of Indian value system based on universalism and peace and prosperity to all. Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam, the worldview that the whole world is one family, propounded by the ancient thinkers of India, is considered as the ultimate mission of the organization.

15. The RSS has advocated the training of Dalits and other backward classes as temple high priests (a position traditionally reserved for Caste Brahmins and denied to lower castes). They argue that the social divisiveness of the Caste system is responsible for the lack of adherence to Hindu values and traditions and reaching out to the lower castes in this manner will be a remedy to the problem. The RSS has also condemned ‘upper’ caste Hindus for preventing Dalits from worshipping at temples, saying that “even God will desert the temple in which Dalits cannot enter”.

16. During M. K. Gandhi’s visit to RSS Camp accompanied by Mahadev Desai and Mirabehn at Wardha in 1934, he was surprised by the discipline and the absence of untouchability in RSS and commented “When i visited the RSS Camp. I was very much surprised by your discipline and absence of untouchablity “. He personally inquired to Swayamsevaks and found that they were living and eating together in the camp without bothering to know their castes.

17. Dr Bhimrao Ambedkar while visiting the RSS camp at Pune in 1939 observed that Swayamsevaks were moving in absolute equality and brotherhood without even caring to know the cast of others. In his address to the Swayamsevaks, he said that ” This is the first time that I am visiting the camp of Sangh volunters. I am happy to find absolute equality between Savarniyas (Upper cast) and Harijans (Lower cast) without any one being aware of such difference existing.” When he asked Dr Hedgewar whether there were any untouchables in the camp, he replied that there are neither “touchables” nor “untouchables” but only Hindus.

18. RSS runs 27,041 schools (Ekal Vidyalaya) in remote tribal areas : 7,53,123 socially deprived tribal students are enrolled.

19. RSS has 45,00,000 volunteers assembling in 40-50,000 shakhas each day. The largest volunteer organization in the world!

20. RSS has participated in many relief activities during natural calamities.

Current Schools in JNU for reference (Departments)

 School of International Studies

 School of Language Literature and Culture Studies

 School of Social Sciences

Classmates and Politics

I have been fortunate to have studied in few very prestigious institutions in school and college. One of them is my boarding school , a millitary school, Sainik School Tilaiaya and another is my MBA college, IIM Ahmedabad. Both Sainik Schools and IIMs were set-up, funded by Government of India. Sainik Schools are governed by Ministry of Defence and Ministry of Human Resources & Development

Very proud of both these great and prestigious institutions which are also two extremes in terms of culture both social and political. My high school was funded by Ministry of Defence to prepare a pipeline of future officers of Indian Armed Forces. My MBA college, IIM Ahmedabad is rated as one of world’s toughest business schools by Bloomberg to get into. Time magazine in a cover story rated IIM http://content.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,2084441-2,00.html It also accounts for one of the largest number of Entrepreneurs, CEOs, Business Leaders and Social Leaders. The Institute’s founding director was Ravi J. Matthai. Other notable founding figures were the Indian physicist Vikram Sarabhai and Indian businessman Kasturbhai Lalbhai.
I have also been associated as co-founder of IIM Society , a global platform to connect all alumni of all 20 IIMs.

Thanks to Internet / Social Media platforms like Facebook, Linkedin, Telegram, WhatsApp, Twitter it is very easy to be in touch. I being a connector or community organizer.

Since childhood, I am naturally & compulsively inclined or obssesed to jump in to help and comment on any topic where I see I can add value. Reason I am writing this blog is a very disturbing experience i had in one of my batch groups. One of my classmates sought help if someone can refer his sister in a company. I knew someone who possibly could help. Howver, one of my classmates was upset by the fact that i responded so quickly and I often do. He is a very senior leader in a prestigious financial venture capital firm and he immediatley quit our batch group. This was shocking, sudden and very rude and distrubing. I started introspecting and speculating about it since he didn’t give any reason on why it was so disturbing to him. This put me thinking about the trend I have observed in past too. My hypothesis is that often few of your closest family members or friends, classmates, alumni are the most jealous or insecure. In this case, maybe this person didn’t like the fact that hIs classmate who a financially or by most traditional measures of success not as successul or rich like him has not only access to these senior leaders or companies in such a wide variety of companies from Fortune 500 to start-ups. but is so quick to offer to help. This was very disturbing, so thought will pen down in my blog rather than keep the anger or resentment within me. I have found it useful to pen down my thoughts in writing or speech rather than keeping within.

These words of a very popular song is what explains the feeling best, “https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5DK-ZWyxZ8k
Why re classmates , why so fake or insecure re ?

Initially was planning to focus mainly on my disturbing experience with my IIMA 2001 batch classmates but then today thought will expand the scope to a few even worse experience from SST 1993 batch classmate too. One of them is someone I have known for 25+ years, this person has built his career since school based on copying or following me and is now a successful entrepreneur, we have studied together, known each other’s families, we have lived in each other’s home and his village after +2 to study from a few professors known to his father. After 10th when i moved to Delhi then he followed me and later also joined JNU. I joined JNU after +2. So he has followed me in so many ways. We have even organized events together, collaborated together. But with time things change, he has cheated me few times and being an opportunist of the highest order. Today he said few disturbing things in one of our groups, “संस्कृति संस्कार एंव घर्म”, by few of my alumni and he is one of the admins.

About IIMs

Indian Institutes of Management

The Indian Institutes of Management (IIMs) are institutes of management education and research in India. They primarily offer postgraduatedoctoral and executive education programmes.

IIMs are declared as institutions of national importance after the passage of Indian Institutes of Management Act, 2017. With this act in place, IIMs leveraged up significantly to make their autonomous decisions in their day-to-day operations. The act changed the governing body from IIM council to IIM coordination forum. IIMs were granted much leeway to decide their courses, fees and other related matters.[3]

The two-year Post Graduate Programme in Management (PGP), offering the Post Graduate Diploma in Management (PGDM), is the flagship programme across all IIMs.[4][5][6] These post-graduate diploma programmes are considered the equivalent of regular MBA programmes. However, since the passage of IIM Act, most IIMs have started offering Master in Business Administration (MBA). Some IIMs also offer a one-year post-graduate diploma programme for graduates with more work experience.[7][8] Some IIMs offer the Fellow Programme in Management (FPM), a doctoral programme. The fellowship is considered to be equivalent to a PhD globally.[9] Most IIMs also offer short-term executive education/EMBA courses and part-time programmes. Some IIMs also offer unique programs, like IIM Rohtak and IIM Indore‘s Five Year Integrated Programme in Management[10] and IIM Lucknow‘s Working Managers’ Programme of three years.[11]



NamePhotoShort NameEstablished[12]LocationState/UTWebsiteNotes
First generation
Indian Institute of Management CalcuttaIIM-C1961KolkataWest Bengaliimcal.ac.in[a]
Indian Institute of Management AhmedabadIIM-A1961AhmedabadGujaratiima.ac.in[b]
Indian Institute of Management BangaloreIIM-B1973BangaloreKarnatakaiimb.ac.in
Indian Institute of Management LucknowIIM-L1984LucknowUttar Pradeshiiml.ac.in
Indian Institute of Management KozhikodeIIM-K1996KozhikodeKeralaiimk.ac.in[c]
Indian Institute of Management IndoreIIM-I1996IndoreMadhya Pradeshiimidr.ac.in
Indian Institute of Management ShillongIIM-S2007ShillongMeghalayaiimshillong.ac.in
Second generation
Indian Institute of Management RohtakIIM-R[16]2010RohtakHaryanaiimrohtak.ac.in[d]
Indian Institute of Management RanchiIIM-Ranchi2010RanchiJharkhandiimranchi.ac.in[e]
Indian Institute of Management RaipurIIM-Raipur2010RaipurChhattisgarhiimraipur.ac.in[f]
Indian Institute of Management TiruchirappalliIIM-T2011TiruchirappalliTamil Naduiimtrichy.ac.in[g]
Indian Institute of Management KashipurIIM-Kashipur2011KashipurUttarakhandiimkashipur.ac.in[h]
Indian Institute of Management UdaipurIIM-U2011UdaipurRajasthaniimu.ac.in[i]
Third generation
Indian Institute of Management NagpurIIM-N2015NagpurMaharashtraiimnagpur.ac.in[j]
Indian Institute of Management AmritsarIIM Amritsar2015AmritsarPunjabiimamritsar.ac.in[k]
Indian Institute of Management Bodh GayaIIM-BG2015Bodh GayaBihariimbg.ac.in[l]
Indian Institute of Management SirmaurIIM Sirmaur2015Sirmaur districtHimachal Pradeshiimsirmaur.ac.in[m]
Indian Institute of Management VisakhapatnamIIM-V2015VisakhapatnamAndhra Pradeshiimv.ac.in[n]
Indian Institute of Management SambalpurIIM Sambalpur2015SambalpurOdishaiimsambalpur.ac.in[o]
Indian Institute of Management JammuIIM Jammu2016JammuJammu and Kashmiriimj.ac.in[p]
  1. ^ Indian Institute of Management Calcutta was the first IIM to be set up, in November 1961.[13]
  2. ^ Indian Institute of Management Ahmedabad was the second IIM to be set up, on 16 December 1961.[14]
  3. ^ Indian Institute of Management Kozhikode was established in 1996 and took its first batch of students in 1997.[15]
  4. ^ Indian Institute of Management Rohtak was inaugurated on 30 June 2010.[17]
  5. ^ Indian Institute of Management Ranchi started operations on 6 July 2010.[12]
  6. ^ Indian Institute of Management Raipur, was inaugurated on October 2010.[12]
  7. ^ Indian Institute of Management Tiruchirappalli was inaugurated in January 2011.[12]
  8. ^ Indian Institute of Management Kashipur on 1 July 2011.[18]
  9. ^ Indian Institute of Management Udaipur started operation on 30 July 2011.[19]
  10. ^ Indian Institute of Management Nagpur, the first of the six third generation IIMs, was inaugurated on 26 July 2015.[20]
  11. ^ Indian Institute of Management Amritsar started operation on 7 August 2015.[21]
  12. ^ Indian Institute of Management Bodh Gaya was inaugurated on 31 August 2015.[22]
  13. ^ Indian Institute of Management Sirmaur started operations on 4 September 2015.[23]
  14. ^ Indian Institute of Management Visakhapatnam started operation on 21 September 2015.[24]
  15. ^ Indian Institute of Management Sambalpur started operation on 23 September 2015.[25]
  16. ^ Indian Institute of Management Jammu started operation in November 2016.[26]


After India became independent in 1947, the Planning Commission was entrusted to oversee and direct the development of the nation. India grew rapidly in the 1950s, and in the late 1950s the Commission started facing difficulties in finding suitable managers for the large number of public sector enterprises that were being established in India as a part of its industrial policy. To solve this problem, the Planning Commission in 1959 invited Professor George Robbins of UCLA to help in setting up an All India Institute of Management Studies. Based on his recommendations, the Indian government decided to set up two elite management institutes, named Indian Institutes of Management. Calcutta and Ahmedabad were chosen as the locations for the two new institutes.[27]

The institute at Calcutta was established first, on 13 November 1961,[28] and was named Indian Institute of Management Calcutta or IIM Calcutta. It was set up in collaboration with the MIT Sloan School of Management, the government of West Bengal, the Ford Foundation, and Indian industry.[29] The institute at Ahmedabad was established in the following month and was named the Indian Institute of Management Ahmedabad. Like MIT Sloan in the case of IIM Calcutta, Harvard Business School played an important role in the initial stages of IIM Ahmedabad.[30]

In 1972, a committee headed by Ravi J. Matthai took note of the success of the two established IIMs and recommended the setting up of two more IIMs. Based on the committee’s recommendation, a new IIM, originally intended to cater exclusively to the needs of public sector enterprises, was established in Bangalore (IIM Bangalore) the next year.[31][27] In 1981, the first IIM Review Committee was convened to examine the progress of the three existing IIMs and to make recommendations. The committee noted that the three IIMs were producing around 400 PGP graduates every year and that they had reached their optimum capacity. It proposed the opening of two more IIMs to meet the rising demand for management professionals. It also recommended expanding the Fellowship programmes, similar to PhD programmes, to meet the growing demand for faculty in management schools in India. The fourth IIM, IIM Lucknow, was established in 1984 based on the committee’s recommendation.

Two more IIMs, the fifth and sixth, were established at Kozhikode and Indore in 1996.[32][33] IIM Shillong was the seventh IIM to be established, following a 2005 decision by the Government of India;[34] its foundation stone was laid on 1 December 2007;[35] and its first academic session was 2008–09.[9][36] Since 2007, fourteen new IIMs have been set up, bringing the total number of IIMs to 20, IIM-Jammu being the latest one, starting in 2016.[citation needed]

The Union Cabinet, on 24 January 2017, approved the bill that became the Indian Institutes of Management Act, 2017, which declares IIMs as Institutes of National Importance and enables them to grant degrees and to further make other important changes to the institute.[37] The IIM bill was passed by the Lok Sabha on 28 July 2017[38] and by the Rajya Sabha on 19 December 2017.[39] After receiving presidential assent, the IIM bill became an Act on 31 December 2017.[40][41]


The IIMs mainly offer postgraduate, doctoral, and executive education programmes. Some programmes offered by all IIMs are similar; however, some IIMs offer unique programmes for specialised purposes.

Postgraduate education[edit]

All IIMs offer a two-year full-time Post Graduate Programme in Management (PGP), equivalent to a Master of Business Administration (MBA) degree.[42][43][44] The programme is considered the flagship programme of IIMs, and awards the Post Graduate Diploma in Management (PGDM) to successful candidates. Since 2018, most IIMs have started granting MBA degrees for this flagship program.[45]

This programme is usually structured into six trimesters spread across two years, starting in June and running until April of the second year. The first year coursework generally consists of core courses in various management disciplines, while in the second year students are allowed to select courses from an exhaustive list of electives. The PGP is a general, fully integrated management programme with no specialisation, and typically includes courses in accounting, behavioural science, finance, economics, human-resource management (HRM), management sciences and information technology, marketing, business operations, business mathematics, public policy, statistics and decision analysis, strategy, and general management.

Since 2006, some IIMs have started offering one-year, full-time post graduate diploma programmes for professionals having approximately 5 years or more of work experience. This program was necessitated because the normal 2-year program is primarily aimed at new graduates or graduates with less than 4–5 years of work experience. These 1 years programmes are general, fully integrated management programmes with no specialization, and typically include the same courses as offered in a typical 2-year MBA program. These intensive programmes typically require 75 credits or around 750 hours of classroom teaching along with projects and other coursework as in a normal, global 2-year MBA program.[46]

Designed as a regular MBA programme, which focuses on using the prior work experience of the students, the one-year MBA is named differently by different IIMs. It is called the Post Graduate Program for Executives at IIM Calcutta and IIM Shillong (PGPEX for short), and at IIM Ahmedabad and IIM Udaipur (PGPX for short). It is called the Executive Post Graduate Programme (EPGP) at IIM Bangalore and IIM Indore, and the International Programme in Management for Executives (IPMX) at IIM Lucknow. The exact structure, admission criteria, and other details of these programmes vary. However, all these programmes admit only candidates with approximately 5 or more years of professional experience and usually use a combination of GMAT score, essays, and personal interviews as entry criteria, similar to other globally reputed MBA programmes. The median GMAT score of the batches at IIM Bangalore is usually around 710.[47]

Other than these general variants, many IIMs offer specialty programmes built which focus on different areas, e.g. Post Graduate Programme in Sustainable Management (PGP-SM) at IIM Lucknow,[48] Post Graduate Diploma in Human Resource Management (PGDHRM) at IIM Ranchi[49] and many more.

Five-year Integrated Programme[edit]

Two IIMs, IIM Indore and IIM Rohtak also offer integrated programs which spans for five years.[50][51] Students join this program just after finishing their school (class XII). The program is called IPM (Integrated Programme in Management) at both the institutes. The course structures are similar though not same at both the institutes. For the first three years, they are taught a combination of “statistics, economics and humanities”, making them unique in their way. The last two years, they undergo the program with PGP students at their respective institutes. IIM Indore first started this program in 2011 and thereby became the first IIM to have a bachelors program. Four batches of IIM Indore’s IPM have been graduated and inducted in the industry. IIM Rohtak has launched this program in 2019 and the first batch is expected to graduate in 2024. IIM Indore offers Bachelor of Arts (Foundations of Management) and MBA (dual-degree) to the graduates of this program. IIM Rohtak has decided to offer Masters of Management Studies (MMS) to five-year graduates and Bachelors of Management Studies (BMS) to students who opt-out after three years.[50][51]

Doctoral education

IIMs offer a Fellow Programme in Management (FPM) as a full-time doctoral-level programme in management. This programme is aimed at preparing students for careers in teaching or research in different disciplines of management, as well as for careers outside academics that demand a high degree of investigative and analytical ability. A student who completes this programme at any IIM, where (s)he is registered as a doctoral scholar, is awarded the title of Fellow of that institute (e.g. Fellow of the Indian Institute of Management Calcutta). This Fellow Programme is equivalent to the Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) degree. Students receiving such a fellowship every year, across all IIMs, work in close association with one another in specific research areas of their choice.

Executive education

Many IIMs offer executive education-certificate programmes targeted at working professionals. These are often short-term or part-time programmes and are known by various names such as Management Development Programme (MDP), Advanced Masters Program in Management of Global Enterprises (AMPM), and Executive General Management Programme (EGMP). The certificate programmes at IIMs are not considered as equivalent to an MBA or EMBA. Only the diploma-level programmes are considered as equivalent, depending on whether it is full-time or part-time. Many IIMs—such as IIMC, IIMB, IIMK, IIM Kashipur, and IIM Rohtak—have partnered with third-party companies to enable these courses to be provided under a distributed model.

Other programmes

Some IIMs offer specialised programmes targeted at various management segments. IIM Ahmedabad offers a six-month, full-time programme called the Armed Forces Programme (AFP) aimed at military personnel. IIM Ahmedabad and IIM Bangalore offer full-time programmes in public management and are called the Post Graduate Programme in Public Management and Policy (PGP-PMP) and Post Graduate Programme in Public Policy Management (PGPPM), respectively. IIM Bangalore offers a two-year, part-time programme called the Post-Graduate Programme in Software Enterprise Management (PGPSEM),[52] an executive general-management education programme designed for the specific needs of professionals working in the software and information-technology industry. IIM Indore offers a 5-year Integrated Programme in Management (IPM) that leads to a combined undergraduate-cum-graduate diploma.[53] IIM Ranchi is the first and only IIM to offer a full-time Post Graduate Diploma in Human Resource Management (PGDHRM) programme.[49] IIM Bangalore offers a two-year Mahatma Gandhi National Fellowship to “promote skill development in district economies”.[54]

Admission process

Different programmes of IIMs follow different admission processes. Admission for residents of India to the flagship two-year PGP programmes at all IIMs is based on the Common Admission Test (CAT). CAT scores are often used as the primary short-listing criteria for admissions. International/overseas applicants have the option to apply using GMAT scores in lieu of CAT scores.[55] GMAT scores are a prerequisite short-listing criteria used for admission to the one-year full-time programme for experienced executives.[56][57] Test requirements for doctoral programmes vary. Some IIMs require candidates to make a presentation of a broad research idea or take a Research Aptitude Test (RAT) followed by round of interviews while all are compelled to accept scores on standardised tests such as the CATGATEGMAT, and GRE. The overall profiles of candidates, including past academic and professional accomplishments, are considered for all programmes, along with valid standard test scores. Some programmes require essays and academic or professional recommendations. The final round of admission evaluations involve an interview, before which some IIMs conduct other evaluation processes like written assessment tests and group discussions.

Entrance exam

The Common Admission Test (CAT) is a management aptitude test conducted by the IIMs primarily as an evaluation tool for admission to their two-year PGP programmes. It is widely considered as one of the most competitive exams in the world,[58] with a success rate of around one in two hundred.[59] Even with the recent addition of new colleges, in 2013 the acceptance rate at IIMs was 1.714%, one of the lowest in the world.[60]

Originally conducted as a paper-and-pencil test given on a particular date all over India, in 2009 CAT began being given as a computer-based assessment operated by Prometric.[61] In 2014, TCS received a 5-year contract to conduct the test. The online test is now given over a period of a few weeks.

In August 2011, the six newer IIMs (Raipur, Rohtak, Ranchi, Udaipur, Trichy and Kashipur) announced that in the coming year they will replace the group-discussion round with a common written analysis test to evaluate communication and comprehension skill. The seven older IIMs did not announce plans to change the admission process.[62]

The admissions for the two-year full-time programme is done by shortlisting based on GMAT scores in conjunction with candidate profile suitability. This is followed by evaluation of essays and a panel-interview round. The quality of prior work experience and future leadership potential is a critical factor in the selections.[63][64][65]

Reservation policy

IIMs also follow a quota system, as per the provisions of the Indian constitution. As per the provisions, 15% of the seats are reserved for students of Scheduled Castes, and 7.5% for Scheduled Tribes. Since 2008, the Other Backward Classes have also been given 27% reservation, after the Supreme Court of India upheld the validity of relevant government regulation. The provisions are being implemented in a phased manner due to resource constraints. All aspirants have to take the Common Admission Test which consists of an objective-type exam, a group-discussion round, and personal interviews, with the cut-off for reserved-category candidates being possibly lower than for general-category candidates. Once admitted to a programme, a reserved category student has to meet all the criteria for completing the programme as a general-category student. Regular counselling sessions, extra classes, and tutorials, by senior students, for needy students are a regular feature of the IIMs.[66][67] IIMs provide financial support to needy and deserving students in the form of scholarships.[68]

Course Fees

In 2004, IIMs charged a fee of approximately ₹1.50 lakh (US$2,100) per year (₹3 lakh (US$4,200) for two years) for their flagship programmes.[69][70][71][72] By 2016, the fee was almost ₹19 lakh (US$27,000).[73][74][75][76] Inflation in India[77][78] has been cited as one of the reasons for the fee hikes at IIMs.[79][80]

Post-graduate program fees

The IIM post graduation program fees structure varies from ₹9 lakh (US$13,000)—at IIM Amritsar, a more recent institute—to ₹23 lakh (US$32,000)—at IIM Ahmedabad. The second highest fees, totaling ₹21 lakh (US$29,000), are for IIM Kolkata and IIM Bangalore. Most of the IIM’s fees are in the ₹10 lakh (US$14,000) range: IIMs Vizag, Trichy, Ranchi, Sambalpur, Sirmaur, Jammu, Kashipur, and Nagpur. IIM Lucknow fees total around ₹14 lakh (US$20,000), IIM Indore ₹16 lakh (US$22,000), IIM Kozhikode ₹17.5 lakh (US$25,000).[81]

Executive program fees

IIM run several executive programs for working executives and professionals. The full-time executive program at IIM Udaipur launched recently had fees of ₹15.8 lakh (US$22,000) while the data analytics program was ₹21 lakh (US$29,000).[82] IIM Lucknow’s new 6-month data analytics program costs ₹2.49 lakh (US$3,500) while its analytics program for finance professionals costs ₹1.43 lakh (US$2,000).[83][84][85]

See also


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About Sainik Schools

The Sainik Schools are a system of schools in India established and managed by the Sainik Schools Society under Ministry of Defence. They were conceived in 1961 by V. K. Krishna Menon, the then Defence Minister of India, to rectify the regional and class imbalance amongst the Officer cadre of the Indian Military, and to prepare students for entry into the National Defence Academy (NDA), KhadakwaslaPune and Indian Naval Academy. Today there are 33 such schools running and proposed for future covering all the states of the country.[1][2]

The schools come under the purview of respective state governments and Ministry of Defence, and in his Union Budget of 2008, Finance ministerP Chidambaram, allocated ₹2 crore to each of the 25 Sainik schools, to counter rising attrition in the defence forces, especially at the officer level.[3] The first Sainik School was opened by Dr Sampoorna Nand in UP in 1960 under UP state government and there after other Sainik schools we’re opened. UP Sainik School Lucknow located near Amausi Airport remains the only Sainik School under State Govt.



The inspiration for Sainik Schools came from the Rashtriya Indian Military College (RIMC) which have given India many service chiefs and the public school system of England. Sainik schools can be regarded as the ordinary citizen’s public school where deserving students can get high quality education irrespective of their income or class background. Seats are reserved for children of serving Defence personnel and concessions are given to children of Government officials. Although Uttar Pradesh Sainik School Lucknow, established in 1960 was the first one of such kind, it is not under the Sainik School Society, but rather under Uttar Pradesh Sainik Schools Society, which is registered under the Indian Societies Registration Act (1860)[2]

The objective of the Sainik Schools is to prepare the students to lead as officers in the Defence Services of the country. The schools select bright and promising students through a national entrance examination and focus on moulding their overall personality with emphasis on extracurricular activities.

Sainik schools resources allow cadets to develop their skills in sports, academics and other extracurricular activities. Sainik Schools include running tracks, cross-country tracks, indoor games, parade grounds, boxing rings, firing ranges, canoeing clubs, horse riding clubs, mountaineering clubs, trekking and hiking club, obstacles courses, footballhockey and cricket fields, as well as volleyball and basketball courts. Cadets also become a part of NCC. A cadet who complete their 12th standard usually possess a NCC B certificate.

Cadets are assigned to houses. They are classified as sub-juniors, juniors and seniors respectively depending upon their class of study. Cadets compete in sports, physical training, academics, cross country, drill and various other competitions to win their house trophy.

Sainik Schools Society[edit]

The Sainik Schools Society is an organization under the Ministry of Defence. The Chief Executive Body of the Sainik Schools Society is a Board of Governors functioning under the Chairmanship of the Defence Minister. For exercising closer control and supervision over the affairs of Sainik Schools there is an Executive Committee under the Chairmanship of Defence Secretary. The day-to-day work of the Society is managed by Dir (Trg) & Hony Secy who is assisted by Inspecting Officers, Under Secretary, Sainik Schools Society (Sainik School Cell). The staff for the cell is provided by the MoD. The local administration of the school is looked after by a Local Board of Administration whose Chairman is the GoC-in-C of the concerned Command where the Sainik School is located.

Sainik Schools[edit]

Existing Sainik Schools under Sainik Schools Society, MOD[edit]

StateLocationEstablished date
Andhra Pradesh[10]Korukonda18-Jan-1962
West Bengal[12]Purulia29-Jan-1962
Tamil Nadu[14]Amaravathinagar16-Jul-1962
Madhya Pradesh.[15]Rewa20-Jul-1962
Jammu & Kashmir[20]Nagrota22-Aug-1970
Himachal Pradesh[22]Sujanpur Tihra02-Nov-1978
Mizoram[30]Chhingchhip21 April 2017
Andhra Pradesh[31]Kalikiri

Uttar Pradesh – Sainik School, Lucknow[edit]

Sainik School Lucknow was established in July 1960. The only one of the Sainik Schools to be administered by the state government, the alumni of which, Captain Manoj Pandey, posthumously received Param Veer Chakra. It was the first Sainik School in the country, and was followed by the setting up of other Sainik Schools, under the Ministry of Defence, Government of India, on the same lines. The education in this school is subsidised by the Government of Uttar Pradesh. It is a boys’ residential English medium school affiliated to CBSE Board.

The school is run by the Uttar Pradesh Sainik Schools Society, which is registered under the Indian Societies Registration Act (1860). It is the only Sainik School which is completely financed and managed by the State Government.

Proposed Sainik Schools[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ “official website of ministry of defence, government of india”.
  2. Jump up to:a b “Sainik Schools Society”.
  3. ^ Budget bounty lifts spirits at Sainik schools The Economic Times, March 5, 2008
  4. ^ “Establishment of Sainik Schools”. 2018-02-05.
  5. ^ “Official website of Sainik School, Satara”.
  6. ^ “Official website of Sainik School, Kapurthala”.
  7. ^ Official website of Sainik School, Balachadi
  8. ^ “Sainik School Kunjpura – kunjeyans.org”.
  9. ^ “Official website of Sainik School, Chittorgarh”. Archived from the original on 2006-07-08.
  10. ^ “Sainik School Korukonda – Home”.
  11. ^ Official website of Sainik School, Trivandrum
  12. ^ “Sainik School Purulia”.
  13. ^ “SainikSchool Bhubaneswar – (Seva, Kartyab, Gyana, Virta)”.
  14. ^ “Sainik School Amaravathinagar – Index”.
  15. ^ “:: SAINIK SCHOOL REWA ::”.
  17. ^ “SAINIK SCHOOL BIJAPUR – ( Under The Ministry Of Defence )”ssbj.in.
  18. ^ Sainik School Goalpara, Assam
  19. ^ “Official website of Sainik School Ghorakhal”.
  20. ^ “Sainik School Nagrota – Gyan, Veerta, Anushasan”.
  21. ^ “c_about_sainik_schools”.
  22. ^ “Welcome To Sainik School Sujanpur Tira”.
  23. ^ “HOME”.
  24. ^ “Sainik School Gopalganj”http://www.ssgopalganj.in.
  25. ^ “SSPN Home”http://www.sainikschoolpunglwa.nic.in.
  26. ^ “Sainik School Kodagu – Home”sainikschoolkodagu.edu.in.
  28. ^ Administrator. “Welcome to Sainik School Rewari”.
  29. ^ “Sainik School Jhunjhunu”.
  30. ^ “Sainik School Chhingchhip”.
  31. ^ “Sainik School Kalikiri”.
  32. ^ “Second Sainik School near Sambalpur soon – The Times of India”.
  33. ^ “The Pioneer”.
  34. ^ “In-principle approval for 3 Sainik schools in UP, 2 in Rajasthan”Zee News. 2014-07-25.
  35. ^ Matanhail Of Jhajjar District In Haryana Will Have The Third Sainik School Of The State As The Government Will Provide Land And Budget For Its Construction Soon., Public Relations Haryana, Govt of Haryana, 2018.
  36. ^ Haryana’s nod to land, budget for third Sainik School, Times of India, July 2018.

37.Sainik School Entrance Exam Syllabus Careerfiesta. April 2020

External links[edit]

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